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Origin of Revelation and the '666'

There are two things which, no matter how often it is showed to be erroneous people still persist on believing, it’d be the Book of Revelation, and the “666”. The predictions for Jesus failed return would have seemed to have, by now, made the believers realize that he’s not coming back, ‘cause he didn’t exist in the first place. Indeed, throughout the entire New Testament, every single prophet of “Jesus” says to be wary for his return, in their lifetimes! Certainly we find that the same failed predictions that took place 1800 years ago, (when the Bible was actually written), are the same failed predictions that are taking place now.

Normally, delusional crackpots and fundamental Christians have little to do with Satanism, however, this issue will be addressed at length here, for both the benefits of the Satanist and the casual observers. Really, almost no one knows the actual origins of the Book of Revelation, who “John” really was, and what the number “666” actually meant. Most of the time in applying to what, “666” meant, non-scholars and charlatans have used modern day definitions to apply to something that was written thousands of years ago. The idea is really silly. It’d be the quintessential same as letting an ancient civilization write a book on what a plane is, then accepting that proposal as being correct. Trying to reinterpret something ancient using modern and contemporary ideals is fallacious at best, and shows the main problem that mythology has. People who are not researchers are trying to prove their own religious agenda’s. Let’s examine the basis for the Book of Revelation without an agenda, and see what it leads us to find.

The first question to be asked before getting into the whole “666” ideology would be, “Who wrote the Book of Revelation”? According to Friedrich Engles' 1894 writing "On the History of Early Christianity", it can be summed up as:

"For starters, we need to examine books which have apocalyptic predictions. From the year 164 before our era, when the first which has reached us, the so-called Book of Daniel, was written, up to about 250 of our era, the approximate date of Commodian's Carmen, Renan counted no fewer than fifteen extant classical Apocalypses, not counting subsequent imitations. That was a time when even in Rome and Greece and still more in Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt an absolutely uncritical mixture of the crassest superstitions of the most varying peoples was indiscriminately accepted and complemented by pious deception and downright charlatanism; a time in which miracles, ecstasies, visions, apparitions, divining, gold-making, cabala, and other secret magic played a primary role. It was in that atmosphere, and, moreover, among a class of people who were more inclined than any other to listen to these supernatural fantasies, that Christianity arose. For did not the Christian Gnostics in Egypt during the second century of our era engage extensively in alchemy and introduce alchemistic notions into their teachings, as the Leyden papyrus documents, among others, prove? And the Chaldean and Judean mathematici, who, according to Tacitus, were twice expelled from Rome for magic, once under Claudius and again under Vitellius, practiced no other kind of geometry than the kind we shall find at the basis of John's Revelation."

The Book of Revelation according to “John” is a fallacy. Acharya S points out that the origin of the Book is not just Jewish or Christian, but instead, Egyptian. "Jerusalem" simply means "City of Peace," and the actual city in Israel was named after the holy city of peace in the Egyptian sacred texts that already existed at the time the city was founded. Likewise, "Bethany," site of the famous multiplying of the loaves, means "House of God," and is allegory for the "multiplication of the many out of the One." Any town of that designation was named for the allegorical place in the texts that existed before the town's foundation. The Egyptian predecessor and counterpart is "Bethanu."

Evidence that John and James, the sons of Zebedee, were both killed at about 44 CE in the reign of Herod Agrippa, first came from a ninth century statement by one George the Sinner, but was remarkably confirmed in a fragment of a work by Philip of Sidé (430 CE) called Christian History, in which he relates:

Papias, in his second book, says that John the Divine and James, his brother, were slain by the Jews.

Encyclopedia Biblica tells us that: "The author of Revelation calls himself John the Apostle. As he was not John the Apostle, who died perhaps in Palestine about 66, he was a forger." In "The Book of Revelation and the Johannine Apocalyptic Tradition", by John Court, we find that John kept writing post-humorously, from the second to eleventh Christian centuries, and the Book of Revelation is no different. Christians invented a tradition that John lived to be one hundred years old to account for this problem.

The Book of Revelation doesn't quote any passages directly, but within the verses there are around five hundred and fifty references to the Old Testament writings. (B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort, Greek New Testament, pp. 184ff.) Basically, it's a horribly written apocalyptic book with several endings from several books badly stitched together. It has John sending out a series of angry letters, berating and proselytizing to several churches, which then proceeds to be badly written, repetitive, and contradictory. In fact, the book is so indecipherable that the early Church fathers had no clue what to make of it, and most avoided even mentioning it, if they even thought it to be reliable. It's not surprising, therefore, that nut-cases like David Koresh did documentation of what Revelation means. The real esoteric meaning had long since faded from Revelation by the hands of pious copyists.

Alfred Loisy, the French scholar, said of Revelation:

The best that can be said of it is that for centuries men have taxed their wits to find in it a meaning which is not there, for the simple reason that the meaning that is there was immediately contradicted by the course of events.

J. Dwight Pentecost, "Prophecy for Today", p. 114 says of it:

"I confess that I don't know what this number means. I am certain, however, that there are more than 666 interpretations. Everyone seems to have an opinion. Since God doesn't explain the meaning, apparently it's not important for us to know. Before this person comes to prominence believers will have been translated into God's presence. We will not have the slightest interest in the Beast or the False Prophet because we will be occupied with the Lord Jesus Christ in glory.

The reason God gave us any information at all, I believe, is so that believers alive in that day will have a clear identifying sign that the one in world power is Satan's masterpiece."

Commenting on it is Earl Doherty:

"John owes a huge debt to the Old Testament Book of Daniel, whose fantastic visions of the End-time he has borrowed and enlarged upon, reaching new horrific and punitive heights. John has also taken the famous figure from the vision of Daniel 7, the "one like a son of man," and if Revelation was written in 68 or 69 CE, as some suggest, this would be the earliest known adaptation of the Danielic figure in either Jewish or Christian writings (outside of the reconstructed Q, if the Q2 stratum of prophetic sayings were to be dated earlier)."

Though the references are repeatedly made to Old Testament writings, it's mostly a pagan book, at least in its image of Christ. Christ is born in heaven, under somewhat abnormal circumstances. His mother, who isn't mentioned by name, is "‘clothed in the sun, with the moon at her feet, wearing twelve stars as a crown’ . This is almost a verbatim description of Isis. The new child wasn't the loving Jesus that we all know from the four gospels, but instead, something more akin to Typhon:

And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne. (12.5)

This new baby is entirely born of heaven, with strange appendages, and lots of allegorical remarks that are from other apocolyptic books, which "John" doesn't seem to have even understood. From the myth of the dragon, discussed in the second chapter, we find a similar passage in John, as told by Earl Doherty:

"The same exclusively heavenly venue is allotted to the child of chapter 12, born to the "woman robed with the sun." In the writer's vision, this child is immediately snatched up to heaven by God to escape the clutches of a dragon (=Satan), there to await the outcome of great celestial upheavals."

The author of John's gospel had a limited Greek vocabulary, but wrote what he wrote in a didactic style that shines through the translations, and is manifestly quite different from the style of this apocalypse. The identity of the "Watcher" with John is made three times in Chapter 1 and twice in the last two chapters, suggesting that someone added things into the Bible to flaunt the authorship of John.

"The Book of Revelation is really an interpretation of earlier apocalyptic prophesies, specifically the Book of Daniel. It was most likely written within a few years after the death of Nero in 68 C.E. The author therefore is not believed to be the author of the Book of John, written three decades later. John speaks of a loving God which is in stark contrast to the vengeful God of Revelation. The author of Revelation was not fluent in Greek and is believed to have been an Aramaic speaking resident of Palestine, possibly a wandering prophet."

from A&E's "Ancient Mysteries" on the Book of Revelation

S H Travis in Christian Hope and the Future of Man sees "parallels in Parseeism (Zoroastrianism) to several doctrines of Jewish apocalyptic—dualism, universalism and individualism, resurrection of the dead, structured course of history, influence of evil in the good world and eschatological victory of the good." No doubt the increasing number of Hellenistic references and the late addition of Persian demons and angels into post-exilic literature comes from this same source.

Dr. Michael Magee tells us that:

Seven is thought to represent the seven planets, including the sun and the moon, known in antiquity, but seven is also associated solely with the moon, being a week, the number of days for each phase of the moon to develop. The Essenes, it might be protested, used a solar calendar not a lunar one, but that did not mean they were not interested in the moon. The Qumran "brontologions" proved that the Essenes used the moon for prophecy. Brontologions were tables for making predictions from thunder. Deciding what constellation thunder comes from in the sky is impossible but noting what constellation the moon is in at sunset on the day that thunder occurs is straightforward. Seven is also frequently employed on Sun Gods, having "seven rays", a common motif.

In verse 4:4, 24 seats occupied by 24 Elders are described as surrounding the heavenly throne. The Babylonian religion had 24 star gods and the Jewish religion has 24 priestly courses, probably related at a source when the Persians influenced late Judaic tradition.

Four peculiar beasts are described round about the throne, presumably meant to be at each of its legs—they are cherubims like those that commonly decorated the walls, gates and thrones of Babylon and Susa, and even Egypt. Many of the sources of this apocalypse are found in the Enochian literature, particularly popular at Qumran. The four creatures are obviously zodiacal images representing the four quarters of the zodiac, representing the full span of the heavens and therefore the cosmos. When the Christian canon was fixed, years after the composition of Revelation, the four beasts were declared to stand for the four evangelists—another Christian fraud. The beasts had many eyes possibly a romantic reference to stars, but sun gods usually have many eyes, their rays from which no injustice can escape, the reason why sun gods were associated with justice, judgement, and retribution, as here.

William Harwood, "Mythologies Last Gods: Yahweh and Jesus", tells us:

"The author can be identified as an Essene by his reference to the war in the sky in which the planet Mars ( micahl) and his angels expelled the planet Venus satanaV and his angels (Revelation 12:7-9). That Zoroastrian myth, found in Enoch, was never part of orthodox Jewish mythology."

Interestingly enough, the celestial arrangement pattern can be seen in Revelation 12:7. I'll let one extremely virulent defender of Christianity tell you his opinion of the verse. (The person is either Robert Turkel or James Holding).

Skeptic Dennis KcKinsey, (he means McKinsey), has said of this verse, "Heaven is supposed to be a perfect place; yet [this] says it experienced a war." Well, I don't know where he gets the idea that "heaven is supposed to be a perfect place" - perhaps he's been watching too much Touched by an Angel. Scripture only says God is perfect; it nowhere says that heaven is. Our skeptic goes on to say that this verse "deals a death blow to the security that all Christians seek" and expresses the notion that if a war happened in Heaven once, it could happen again. Well, I don't know about other Christians, but I'm not seeking security, and the idea of another war in Heaven doesn't particularly disturb me. How about you?

What could I possibly say to counter that? In any event, this is the ever-so similar motif of the war in heaven, as experienced by the movement of celestial bodies in the heaven. Far from being a recent discovery, the movement of stars was tracked Egyptians on star-maps, though whether or not they figured out this was caused by the tilt of the Earth is a debateable subject.

Anyway, continuing the celestial mythology, Revelation 21:1, has the sea is as being evaporated at the End. In the scriptures, the sea is the domain of whatever is opposed to God (Isa 27:1; 51:9-10; Psalms 74:13; 89:10), an idea dramatized in the calming of violent seas by Jesus. The whole idea is again Babylonian, the sea being the monster, Tiamat, being defeated by Marduk. Likewise, the original battle between Horus and Set taking place until the chaotic waters overflowed the World.

"The twelfth chapter treats of a great wonder appearing in the heavens: a woman clothed with the sun, the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars. This woman represents the constellation of Virgo and also the Egyptian Isis, who, about to be delivered of her son Horus, is attacked by Typhon, the latter attempting to destroy the child predestined by the gods to slay the Spirit of Evil. The war in heaven relates to the destruction of the planet Ragnarok and to the fall of the angels. The virgin can be interpreted to signify the secret doctrine itself and her son the initiate born out of the 'womb of the Mysteries'. "

Manly P. Hall, Masonic, Hermetic, Quabbalistic & Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy

Parts of Revelation echo in time:

"The origins of this reflex of the myth are extremely ancient. An Ugaritic text (CTA 5.1.1-5) alludes to a battle in which the god Baal defeated LTN, clearly the same creature as the monster Leviathan in the Hebrew Bible and later literature. In the restoration period or later, the apocalyptic section of the book of Isaiah (chs. 24-27) refers to the same myth--in almost the same words, but the battle is projected into the eschatological Endzeit and has Yahweh as the protagonist (Isa 27:1). This eschatological form of the tradition is developed further in Revelation, first by the replacement of Yahweh by Michael, and second by the use of the more generic term 'dragon' ( drakwn) instead of the name Leviathan. As Richard Bauckham has noted, the picture of the dragon is significantly developed by its identification (perhaps by way of Isa 27:1) with the serpent of Genesis 3 and then, by extension, with the devil or Satan."

James Davila

The Persian influence on the book is hard to deny:

"In the fourth and fifth chapters [of Revelation] St. John describes the throne of God upon which sat the Holy One 'which was and is, and is to come'. About the throne were twenty-four lesser seats upon which sat twenty-four elders arrayed in white garments and wearing crowns of gold. 'And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.' He who sat upon the throne held in His right hand a book sealed with seven seals which no man in heaven or earth had been found worthy to open. Then appeared a Lamb (Aries, the first and chief of the zodiacal signs) which had been slain, having seven horns (rays) and seven eyes (lights). The Lamb took the book from the right hand of Him that sat upon the throne and the four beasts and all the elders fell down and worshipped god and the Lamb. During the early centuries of the Christian Church the lamb was universally recognized as the symbol of Christ, and not until after the fifth synod of Constantinople (the 'Quinisext Synod', 692 C.E.) was the figure of the crucified man substituted for that of Agnus Dei. As shrewdly noted by one writer on the subject, the use of a lamb is indicative of the Persian origin of Christianity, for the Persians were the only people to symbolize the first sign of the zodiac by a lamb."

Manly P. Hall, Masonic, Hermetic, Quabbalistic & Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy

He is collaborated by Hengel p. 184, Judaism and Hellenism, where it states:

"Thus we can easily demonstrate the knowledge of ancient astral geography in Dan. 8.2-8, in which the ram represents the star of Persia and the he-goat which attacks him is the star of Seleucid Syria. These and possibly other astral allusions are all the more striking, as in Dan. 2.21ff. The influence of the stars on fate and history is denied, and God's omnipotence is proclaimed. A similar opposition can be found in a still more acute form in Qumran, where astrology is simultaneously rejected and practised…"

(Notably though, Daniel is thought to have been added onto and composed over various times, and later redacted and made into a more fitting ideology.)

At least as interesting is Murl Vance quoting another source. Vance is verifying some of the possible antiquities of the book, (Vance was one of those wonderful die-hard conservative Christians who kept reinforcing the truth, unknown to him, that Christianity is full of pagan elements, even in the most obvious scriptures):

"In Persia," declares Jastrow, "the Mithra cult reveals unmistakable influence of Babylonian conceptions." The Encyclopedia of Religion, vol. 8, pp. 752-759, likewise shows this relation between Persia and Babylon: There was a "close rapprochement between the Babylonian and the Persian cults. . . . When we find the busts of the sun and moon and the circle of the zodiac standing feature in Mithraic monuments, we can have no doubt as to the ultimate source of this element." And another name for Mithraic the sun-god, we must remember, was Ahura-Mazda, the first word coming from a root meaning demon. Zoroaster attempted to eradicate demon worship from Persia by eradicating Mithra, but the "Magi started a counterreform, and restored primitive conceptions."

Late Jewish literature shows heavy signs of Persian influence, but the Persians themselves show heavy signs of Babylonian influence. Thus, "out of Babylon" or "Out of Persia" remains somewhat open to question. However, another obvious sign to be found in the book of Revelation is the "Great Whore of Babylon", which is taken from Persian mythology, only this time the name is "Jeh", instead of "Jezebel".

The Book of Revelation is Egyptian and Zoroastrian

Massey has stated that Revelation, rather than having been written by any apostle called John during the 1st Century C.E., is a very ancient text that dates to the beginning of the apocolyptic era of history, i.e. possibly as early as 4,000 years ago. (This depends largely on when we date the writings of Zoroaster). One would think that this very obvious and blunt statement would lend the entire book of Revelation worthless, however, were we to remove books of the Bible for forgery, we wouldn’t be left with much text.

Revelation was obviously written pretty early, and it names just one martyr, Antipas (2:13). The reference to "those who have been slain because of the word of God" (6:9; see also 20:4) is simply a passing remark. Rather than actually having been written at a time of great persecution, (hence, ruling out Nero), Revelation was a book that anticipated for widespread persecution to happen.

Geographical Magazine, Jun97, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p6, 1/9p:

"The Book of Revelations may have been recounting history when it described a great earthquake during the battle of the Apocalypse at Armageddon, and not prophesying the future... Amos Nut says that earthquakes destroyed the ancient Israeli city at least 27 times over a period of 5,000 to 7,000 years. And evidence of this geological instability, he adds, includes skulls crushed by falling debris."

The ancient city in Israel was destroyed at least 27 times over a 5,000- to 7,000-yearlong period -- and it was earthquakes, not battles, that shook it to the ground, says Nur. Skulls crushed by falling debris attest to the natural disasters. The city sat in a strategically important gap between mountains, and "the faults that created Armageddon's strategic import are responsible for its repeated destruction," Nur explains.

This of course, gets into the big debate. Is Revelation an encoded script about what has happened, using apocolyptic metaphors, about what is happening, or about what will happen? Naturally, most Christians opt for the last group, but you can hardly find two Christians with the same ideas on Revelation. Perhaps this is the reason why early Church fathers refrained from comment, they wanted to avoid disputes. Also, there was a noteable list of scholars in early Church history who denied the book of Revelation.

Eusebius recorded the words of Dionysius the Bishop of Alexandria (c. 260 CE).  Dionysius was a student of the more widely recognized Christian scholar Origen. In no uncertain terms Dionysius claimed Revelation was a forgery.  Other recorded dissenters are found within.

Ecclesiastical History III,  XXVIII (1 - 6)
Ecclesiastical History IV, XIV (1 - 7)
Ecclesiastical History VII,  XXIV (1, 5-9) 

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia:

"during the fourth and fifth centuries the tendency to exclude the Apocalypse [Revelation] from the list of sacred books continued to increase in the Syro-Palestinian churches. Eusebius [of Caesaria] expresses no definite opinion. He contents himself with the statement: "The Apocalypse is by some accepted among the canonical books but by others rejected" (Hist. Eccl., III, 25). St. Cyril of Jerusalem does not name it among the canonical books (Catech. IV, 33-36); nor does it occur on the list of the Synod of Laodicea, or on that of Gregory of Nazianzus. Perhaps the most telling argument against the apostolic authorship of the book is its omission from the Peshito, the Syrian Vulgate." The closing remarks are what is most interesting: "But although the authorities giving evidence against the authenticity of the Apocalypse deserve full consideration they cannot annul or impair the older and unanimous testimony of the churches."

The "unanimous" testimony of the churches includes the following statement by the Roman presbyter Caius: "But Cerinthus by means of revelations which he pretended were written by a great Apostle falsely pretended to wonderful things, asserting that after the resurrection there would be an earthly kingdom" (Hist. Eccl., III, 28) Caius is saying that Cerinthus, the Gnostic, forged the book of Revelation.

The first person who tried to decode the meaning of 666 was Irenaeus, who was writing against the Gnostics. Although he spoke and wrote Greek, and obviously understood Gemetria, he had no clue what it meant, though he did offer several suggestions. After being overall stumped by it, he said that what it meant would be shown through the Will of God. Of course, every professing Christian has had their own opinions on what exactly that would mean.

A major different reading (from the reading of the critical edition text) is recorded for another fifth century manuscript, Codex Ephraemi Syri Rescriptus, which contains the number six hundred sixteen instead of six hundred sixty-six. There is also another single late manuscript which contains a reading of six hundred sixty five.


What does it mean?

The heart of the matter comes down to us in a couple of forms. First, was John a competant author; was he someone trying to evoke emotions using lots of terminology, or just a nut-case? If John is the first, a thorough analysis of when the Book of Revelation was written is necessary. If it is the second, no such thing is needed, because he is just using phrases which are known to his audience. If it is the final category, we definitely don't need to worry.

The argument on the Church fathers acceptance or denial of the Book of Revelation can be made by Christians as well. For instance, when Dionysus called attention to the problems with the Book of Revelation, he was doing it to stop another faction, the Montanists. Dionysus opposed them quite strongly. However, this is also a misleading argument. Churches and church-groups always confirmed the gospels which made their points of view the most favorable, and generally, these documents were written by the Church fathers themselves.

Gerald Massey asserts that Revelation relates the Mithraic legend of Zarathustra/Zoroaster. (Jacolliot, a Hindu scholar states that "Zoroaster" is a Persian version of the more ancient Indian "Zuryastara (who restores the worship of the sun) from which comes this name of Zoroaster, which is itself but a title assigned to a political and religious legislator.")

Hotema says of this book:

"It is expressed in terms of creative phenomena; its hero is not Jesus but the Sun of the Universe, its heroine is the Moon; and all its other characters are Planets, Stars and Constellations; while its stage-setting comprises the Sky, the Earth, the Rivers and the Sea."

The common form of this text has been attributed by Churchward to Horus's scribe, Aan, whose name has been passed down to us as "John." (Churchward, 399.) Engles, on the lying nature of Apocolyptic traditions to whom their real author is, states:

"All the Apocalypses attribute to themselves the right to deceive their readers. Not only were they written as a rule by quite different people than their alleged authors, and mostly by people who lived much later, for example the Book of Daniel, the Book of Enoch, the Apocalypses of Ezra, Baruch, Judah, etc., and the Sibylline Books, but, as far as their main content is concerned, they prophesy only things that had already happened long before and were quite well known to the real author. Thus in the year 164, shortly before the death of Antiochus Epiphanes, the author of the Book of Daniel makes Daniel, who is supposed to have lived in the time of Nebuchadnezzar, prophesy the rise and fall of the Persian and Macedonian empires, and the beginning of the Roman Empire, in order by this proof of his gift of prophecy to prepare the reader to accept the final prophecy that the people of Israel will overcome all hardships and finally be victorious. If, therefore, John's Revelation were really the work of its alleged author it would be the only exception among all the apocalyptic literature."


From the above compilation, it would seem that the main portion of the writings of the Book of Revelation are not rooted in the mythology of the Jews, Christians, or the Greeks, but instead, are rooted in the mythology of Egypt. To understand this better, we will need to look at some diagrams. (Taken from "666 in Ancient Religions" by Murl Vance, one of those apocolyptic Christians, who died long before any apocolypse was ever shown to happen. Amazingly, what he also did was detail and document the pagan origins of the Book of Revelation.)

It is extremely doubtful that the sun in Fig. 1 above has any connection whatsoever with Christianity. The sun has 12 rays, one for each of the 12 signs of the zodiac, with the 12 "zodiacal letters" at the tips. The outer sun has 72 rays, one for each of the 72 half-decans into which the Babylonians divided the zodiac. In the center is a rayed figure holding a cross in one hand (sacred to the sun as the ruler of the 4 directions) and the globe-cross in the other, the Babylonian symbol for the sun-god Bel. The letters IHS were used in the mysteries as a secret symbol before the time of Christ (Anacalypsis, Higgins). According to others, the three letters are but a camouflaged ISH, an ancient name for the god of light (compare with Ishtar). The Heb.-Chaldee JHVH (Jehovah forming the crossbar of the H could also be translated JOVE, a minced form of Jehovah and a name of the sun-god Jupiter. In any case, beneath the letter H in a small circle is the number 666, the secret number of the sun-god and of his earthly representative, for the three commas represent 666 in Persian, Arabic, Turkish, and in medieval Hebrew. In the same circle with the number 666 is the Egyptian Shen, probably related to Shin, the symbol of the ruler of the zodiac. Again, there’s a very obvious Egyptian influence in the numerology.

The "Seals of the Planets," popular before the time of Christ according to Budge (Amulets and Superstitions), are interesting because the seal containing "the Grand Number of the Sun" contains the very sacred number 36 laid out in a 6x6 square with the numbers from 1 to 36 so arranged that they add up the same in all directions, with the total of the whole seal 666. Though popular also in Eastern lands, the Greek and Roman, or Latin, inscriptions on these seals show also their popularity in the West.. Since the sun-god was considered as the ruler over the 36 constellations of the sky and the 36 rooms of the circle of the zodiac, it was inevitable that the summary number of the numbers from 1 to 36, the number 666 should have been assigned to the sun as the ruler over all the gods of heaven and earth.

(This portion taken R. Allan Anderson's "Unfolding the Revelation":

The Babylonians, who invented the zodiac, considered each of the twelve signs to rule over the twelve months of the year. They further divided each of the 12 houses into 3 rooms. 12 x 3 = 36.

Each of the 36 designated gods ruled over his own 10 degrees of the 360 zodiac and over his 10 days of the 360-day zodiacal year. It was believed that no god would strike you if you were wearing his identifying amulet. It would thus behoove you to invoke the numbers of each of the gods. The number which encompasses them all is 666. An amulet which contained all of these numbers would insure the favor of all the gods, anywhere, anytime.

But the ancients didn't stop with using magic numbers in serial order. Arranging these numbers in a magic square could greatly compound their power.

 

1

32

34

3

35

6

30

8

27

28

11

7

20

24

15

16

13

23

19

17

21

22

18

14

10

26

12

9

29

25

31

4

2

33

5

36

 
 

6

32

3

34

35

1

7

11

27

28

8

30

19

14

16

15

23

24

18

20

22

21

17

13

25

29

10

9

26

12

36

5

33

4

2

31

 

Each line, column or diagonal adds up to 111. The sum of the six lines or six columns is 666. With the numbers arranged thus in magic squares, you can hope to invoke the full power of the sun, the king of the gods. His number is 666. (See bottom for coins and illustrations from the book.)

Just as to the ancients, the number 7 signified completeness or perfection, the number 6 could represent something less than completion, or a contrast to perfection. Consider our term "hex," with its connotations of evil, magic and witchcraft. Yet the word is merely the number 6.

Fig. 2 has the 36 numbers in the Hebrew-Chaldee numerical system in the same Note the solar lion, representative of the merciless destroyer, on several of the amulets. Figs. 8 and 11 have the number 666 on them. The ring or globe in the paw of the lion in Fig. 10 signifies the sun-god as the ruler of the whole circle of the heaven, as king of heaven, earth, and the underworld. (This same ring or globe is also constantly used by earthly rulers who claim universal rulership.) Note that the original Latin numerical system totals 666.

Wherever we turn in the mysteries, we find a mysterious knobbe rod or "nail" used in threes. They are on the Paliadium or "Statue from heaven" from ancient Troy, Fig. 4, on the heads of Hindu gods, as in fig. 3, and on the head of the peacock, Figs. 7, 8, and 9. This seems significant, for the peacock throughout the Orient represents the sun-god and Satan. In Fig. 1 Krishna the sun god stands on the central head of 7 serpents with the three O-tipped feathers of the peacock's tail on his head. The feather in antiquity is called "the ray of the sun." All these mysterious three nails or three rays seem to be related to the Waw in the secret alphabets used by astrologers and the secret societies, Figs. 5 and 6. We observe that Jennings in his Rosicrucians connects the three feathers with the SSS of Gnostic amulets, Fig. 12.

 

The ancient way of writing one of the words for 6 in Babylon, in Palestine, in Egypt, and in India was SS. After the introduction of the short vowels, we find the word spelled variously as Sas, Ses, Sis, Sos, and Sus. (Sometimes the S becomes Sh). Since the letter S itself represented the cobra advancing to attack, as well as its hiss, and since the number 6 was consecrated to the serpent, S became a symbol for 6 as in the Old Greek and we find SS, 6, written on the cobra's hood as in Figs. 2, 5, and 6. The use of SS as Masonic symbols, Figs 3 and 14, is significant. In Fig 12 we have the S-serpent on either side of the sun-gong, with the peacock, symbol of the sun and of the devil in the Orient, in front. To those "in the know" these two serpents signified SS, 6. In Fig. 7 we find the same two S-serpents on one of the three panels on the crown of Pope Adrian III. Since the crowns were triplicate, to indicate the three realms of heaven, earth, and hell over which the pope claims jurisdiction, the SS-serpents must be on the two invisible panels also. The three serpents on the crown of Jules II, crowned pope in 1509, must have had the significance of 666, just as they do on the multitude of other triple-serpent symbols shown on this page. Figs 8, 9, 15, 17, 19, and 22-25 are from Egypt, showing the worship of three serpents, apparently as symbolic of the three realms over which Egyptian priest-kings and their successors claimed dominion.

Throughout the mysteries, the triangle is a widely used symbol with a secret meaning. In Fig. 1 it is broken into three V's by the "ALL-Seeing Eye," symbol of the sun from time immemorial and here connected with the 7 planets. It will be observed that there are 60 degrees in each angle of an equilateral triangle. Each angle, therefore, is the equivalent of the Heb. -Chaldee Samech-S, symbol of the devil and the serpent. We also observe that the Heb-Chaldee Vav is a V and 6 and that the Greek S-Stigma is the symbol for 6. The secret societies frequently place SSS in each corner of the triangle. We are forced to suspect, therefore, that the triangle itself represents VVV, 666, Lucifer's number. Fig. 7, Masonic, has a serpent, crowned, in a triangle in a 5-pointed star with two points up, which Stillson tells us in his History of Freemasonry is the symbol of Satan. When the two triangles are united as in several of the figures, we have the "Star of David" or "Seal of Solomon," a symbol which represents, we are everywhere told by the Cabalists, the union of Good and Evil, Day and Night, Man and Woman, God and Satan, Fire and Water. The double triangle itself represents six and sex, as is evidenced by Figs. 11 and 21, the latter with a Waw.

Since the church itself tells us that the crosier or staff probably has no connection with the Lituus, the divining staff of the augur or Pontifex Maximus of ancient Rome (Fig. 21), we look into ancient paganism for its origin. In Babylon, the crook was representative of the serpent. Fig. 1. In Egypt likewise it's a serpent, or was connected with a serpent. Figs. 4, 7, 18. (In Fig. 6 the staff seems to represent the hieroglyphic Waw, as in Fig. 9, while the crook-staff seems to be representative of the Egyptian letter S, Fig. 15 or of the Egyptian and Phoenician Waw, Figs. 7, 16). The Gnostics carried a serpent-staff, Fig. 14. The American Indians connected the fiery lightning bolt with the serpent and carried a bolt-staff. Figs. 3, 5, 13, 20. During the medieval period, church officials regularly carried fiery-serpent staffs. Figs. 17, 19. In the Eastern Orthodox church during this period, the staff was often in the shape of a Tau, with two serpent heads or dragons (Fig. 11). In Fig. 10 we find a Hindu god with a serpent crook in one hand, a trident-bolt in another. In Fig. 22, a heraldric symbol, we find three fish, each with a 6-knobbed staff in his mouth. The Yezidi, use the staff as an altar. In Fig. 12 a church official seems to be doing the same (from Lives of the Saints). The staff, it appears certain, represents 6, the serpent, and the bolt, and is, therefore the equivalent of the pitchfork as a symbol.

Quite obviously, the “666” has existed in religions since ancient antiquity. So we must then inquire as to how this came to mean so much.  In ancient religions, Gods had a triple aspect to them, which was the creator, the maintainer, and the destroyer. This is easily seen in the Goddess Parvati, Devi, and Kali, the three aspects of the same Goddess. Likewise there is the Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, respectively representing creation, maintenance, and destruction. A term or word designating a witch’s spell which has a long historical association with the connotation of the number six. The Greek hex, and the Latin sex cognate with the Egyptian seven, "to embrace, to copulate." Six almost universally represented the number of sex, representing the union between the Triple Goddess and her trident-bearing consort, which is why Christian authorities labeled six "the number of sin." Pythagoreans, on the other hand, called six the perfect number, or The Mother. Interestingly, the improper use of grammar in Greek to make the "666" of Revelation is precisely that, it has "hex" in each numeral.

One of its Egyptian forms is seshemu, which means, "sexual intercourse". This was shown in hieroglyphics by male and female genitals in conjunction. Ironically, this has survived into today in the Sufi love-charm designed to open the "cave" of the Goddess. The words are “Open, Sesame.”

The hexagonal hex signs include the six-pointed Tantric yanta of love. The name of the sign comes from the Pennsylvania Dutch, who borrowed the word from their native German word for "witch." Hexe, which in turn is from the Old High German hagazussa or hagzissa ("hag").

The triple six, 666, comes into play as the magic number of Triple Aphrodite (or Ishtar) in the guise of the Fates. After Solomon met the Queen of Sheba he acquired 666 talents of gold (I Kings, 10:14). The way it comes into play for the Egyptians is simple. The Egyptians considered 3, 6, and 7 most sacred numbers. Three represented the Triple Goddess, six meant her union with God; seven meant the Seven Harthos, seven planetary spheres, seven-gated holy city, seven-year reigns of kings, and so forth. Egyptians were obsessed with the conviction that the total number of all deities had to be 37, because of the number’s magical properties. This was because it combined the sacred numbers of 3 and 7; and, 37 multiplied by any multiple of 3 gave a triple digit or "trinity": 111, 222, 333, 444, 555, etc. The miraculous number 666 is the product of 3 X 6 X 37.

Barbara Walker, in "The I Ching of the Goddess", talks about the hexagram, and it's implications to Witchcraft:

The word hexagram does not really mean an arrangement of parallel horizontal lines {as in the I Ching}. It means a geometric figure composed of two interlocking triangles: the same figure now generally accepted as a symbol of Judaism and even erroneously called the Star of David, or sometimes Solomon's Seal. In fact this figure was unknown in Jewish tradition until the twelfth century A.D., when it appeared in the symbolism of the Cabala, apparently having traveled to the mystics of Spanish Jewry from Tantric sages in the Far East, where it was known as the Sri Yantra or Great Yantra. It was not officially adopted as a Jewish emblem until five hundred years later, in the seventeenth century.

Medieval Jewish cabalists used the hexagram in much the same way as their Tantric forerunners, to represent divinity in terms of a union of the sexes. They even claimed that the hexagram first appeared inside the Ark of the Covenant, along with the tablets of the laws, and that it stood for male and female deities in perpetual sexual intercourse, the same meaning it bore in India. To cabalists, the union of God and his Shekina (the Female Principle) was modeled on the union of Shiva and the cosmic Goddess, Kali-Shakti, his mother-sister-bride, who also devoured him and gave him eternal cyclic rebirth.

Cabalists envisioned the Shekina in much the same way as early Gnostic sages envisioned Jehovah's spouse Sophia, who embodied his wisdom and the essential spirit that enabled him to function at all. She too was a Westernized version of the Tantric Shakti. Cabalists claimed that all the world's evil arose from God's separation from this female principle and the purpose of a true sage was to put God and his empowering female spirit back together. The usual route toward this end was sex magic, also designed according to the Tantric model.

From Barbara G. Walker, "The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets":

The familiar design of two interlocked triangles is generally supposed to have represented the Jewish faith since the time of David, or Solomon; therefore this hexagram is known as Magen David (Shield of David), or the Star of David, or Solomon's Seal. Actually, the hexagram had nothing to do with either David or Solomon. It was not mentioned in Jewish literature until the 12th century A.D., and was not adopted as a Jewish emblem until the 17th century.

The real history of the hexagram began with Tantric Hinduism, where it represented union of the sexes. ...

"The downward-pointing triangle is a female symbol corresponding to the yoni; it is called 'shakti.' The upward-pointing triangle is the male, the lingam, and is called 'the fire' (vahni)." {This quote comes from Heinrich Zimmer, "Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization", p. 147} ....

From the Tantric image of the sexual hexagram arose a Jewish system of sex worship connected with the medieval Cabala, and a rabbinical tradition that "a picture is supposed to be placed in the ark of the covenant alongside of the tables of the laws, which shows a man and a woman in intimate embrace, in the form of a hexagram."

Outside of these conjectures, we don’t have to look too far to find the obvious tales of Egyptian significance in the Book of Revelation. Just as Sumerian mythology has something bearing forth the future apocolypsis of the World, so does Revelation 12:1-4:

“Next appeared a great portent in heaven, a woman robed with the sun, beneath her feet the moon, and on her head a crown of twleve stars.  She was pregnant, and in the anguish of her labour she cried out to be delivered.  Then a second portent appeared in heaven: a great red dragon with seven heads and ten horns; on his heads were seven diadems, and with his tail he swept down a third of the stars in the sky and flung them to the earth.” 

The pregnant woman in the sky is quite clearly Sirius, and this is a Christian rendition of the ancient Egyptian Isis myth.  The moon is at her feet, implying that the scene is being observed upside-down, with the ecliptic below Sirius.  This might imply the retrograde ‘birth’ of the Son celestially.  The 12 stars in the crown are the lesser stars of the constellation Canis Major.  Instead of Horus, we have Seth. It's no wonder this cosmic Christ was so destructive!

It could also be that in the Hebrew/Christian mind, as explained by Barclay, W. "Revelation 13, Great Themes of the N.T"

"Another variant is 606, which would be the sum of Gaios Kaisar, known as Caligula. Christian readers would have noticed the contrast between the number of the beast, 666, and the number of Jesus, 888 (the sum of the Greek letters Jesous). In 888 could be seen superabundant perfection, the three-fold 7+1. On the other hand 666 indicates the three-fold failure to reach perfection, 7-1. This showed how precarious and how doomed to failure the reign of the beast must be."

That is to say that John identified the pagan Gods with 666, and Jesus with 888, and this was a failure by the Beast to reach the heights of Jesus. It's also interesting to note how incorrect the grammar is. No one would write "666" in small letters in Greek, but that's what happened. In the Bible, 666 should be written the second way, not the first. The major meaning the writings of six-six-six in the fashion of the writer is to emphasize all of them having "hex" in them.

It shows this: instead of

I think that this shows the writer was emphasizing the pagan elements of the 666 far more than the attachment to any one specific object.


Gnostics and Greeks, the connection is made

There’s a very strong connection between the Gnostics and the ancient worshipping ceremonies of the Egyptians. In fact, far from being a group arisen from the Christian movement, the Gnostics were the first Christians.

Reverend Taylor:

"Those who denied the humanity of Christ were the first class of professing Christians, and not only first in order of time, but in dignity of character, in intelligence, and in moral influence."

"The deniers of the humanity of Christ, or, in a word, professing Christians, who denied that any such man as Jesus Christ ever existed at all, but who took the name Jesus Christ to signify only an abstraction, or prosopopæia, the principle of Reason personified; and who understood the whole gospel story to be a sublime allegory . . . these were the first, and (it is not dishonour to Christianity to pronounce them) the best and most rational Christians."

Gerald Massey:

". . . It was the Gnostics who had faithfully preserved the true traditions. It was they who continued the mythos intact from Egypt; they who made the images in the Christian iconography, and reproduced the Iao-Chnubis and the Kamite Horus on the talismanic stones and the catacombs of Rome . . . "

(Note: Despite the fact that Gerald Massey has been viciously maligned post-mortem, Acharya S has done a great job in showing that he was not “making up” what he said, and was, in fact, quoting historical sources. The value of those historical documents, or his interpretations of them, is another matter.)

Emperor Hadrian (134 C.E.):

"The worshippers of Serapis are Christians, and those are devoted to the God Serapis, who (I find) call themselves the bishops of Christ."

Thus we readily find that the Gnostic Christians learned their religion from Egypt, and thus we find these symbols throughout.

The Gnostics and their successors identified the serpent with Christ, whom they also identified with the sun. They used a serpent to crawl across their altar breads and "sanctify them" when they had the Lord's Supper. This constant union between devil worship combined with Biblical or Christian names for camouflage is the very genius of the apostasy.

Since the Waw is the letter V, in one of its forms (See p. 8, Fig. 44) and since the letter V is one of the markings on the cobra's hood, the Gnostics called the Waw "the Son of God-God" (Fig 7). The three V's of Figs. 10 and 13 on Gnostic amulets were thus a way of writing 666. But there were several other ways of concealing these three V's, as is shown on this page. (Note that the triple V is often crowned.) The interlaced Masonic A's, Fig. 2, and the "square and compass" of Fig. 22 are but monograms of VAV, the Waw, also spelled in Hebrew-Chaldee VIV and VAU. The interlaced symbols also are monograms for AVM (AUM), the mystic name of the "lord of the universe" or "lord of this world" in the Orient, who is pictured as a serpent. Masons admit that the square and compass symbols are representative of "male-female" (See Fig. 25) and that the G enclosed as in Fig. 22 represents Generation as well as God.

In the mysteries, the serpent ever bears the title of "Lifegiver," unquestionably because of its phallic significance. In Fig. 26 we have the Waw connected with "The Lovers," just as it is similarly connected in Fig. 25.

Now, here’s the good part of this. According to Roberts:

"'Ies,' the Phoenician name of the god Bacchus or the Sun personified; the etymological meaning of that title being, 'i' the one and 'es' the fire or light; or taken as one word 'ies' the one light. This is none other than the light of St. John's gospel; and this name is to be found everywhere on Christian altars, both Protestant and Catholic, thus clearly showing that the Christian religion is but a modification of Oriental Sun Worship, attributed to Zoroaster. The same letters IHS, which are in the Greek text, are read by Christians 'Jes,' and the Roman Christian priesthood added the terminus 'us'. . ."

In order to understand this, let’s look at how this looks in Greek.

X    (=Chi) 600

Xi   (shaped like a curled capital E) 60

s     (Sigma) 6

Thus XES (approx.). According to ("Number in Scripture" by Dr E W  Bullinger p. 49), we find that:

“The 1st and 3rd letters, it is said, represent the first and last letters of the title "Christos" and the middle letter represents the symbol of the serpent and is intimately connected with the ancient Egyptian Mysteries.” 

"Unfolding the Revelation" by Roy Allan Anderson, p. 125-127 confirms this:

The ancients claimed that God works by mathematics. Their religion was a conglomeration of religion, astrology, alchemy, physical and mental science, and mathematics. Ancient astrology divided the starry heavens into 36 constellations. These were represented by different amulets called "Sigilla Solis," or the sun seal. These amulets were worn by the pagan priests, and they contained all the numbers from 1 to 36. By these figures they claimed to be able to foretell future events. These amulets were usually made of gold, yellow being the sun color. While being carried, these amulets were wrapped in yellow silk, as it was thought that the bearer would thus receive the beneficial powers believed to emanate from the jewel."

"These drawings from photographs taken in 1910, show actual amulets then in the Berlin Museum. They reveal the veneration the ancients had for the sun-god. On the front side of No.1 we see the god of the sun standing on the lion. This indicated the sun's position in the constellation of Leo during the hot days of August. On the back is inscribed "Nachyel," meaning "intelligence of the sun," and in 36 squares are arranged the numerals 1 to 36 (see table 1) in such a way that adding the numbers of any column either horizontally or vertically, and also the two diagonals crossing the square, the total is the same- 111. The sum of the six columns, computed either horizontally or vertically, is 6 x 111, or 666."

"The second illustration is also a solar seal, but it honors the star Basilisco, which was the diminutive form of the Greek basileus (king), thus meaning the same as the Latin regulus. Now, Regulus is the only first-magnitude star in the constellation of Leo. The sun and the moon are again clearly seen on this amulet, and on the reverse side is the same arrangement of numerals, with the actual figure given of the total 666."

The Evidence is in the names:

The direct English translation of the Greek: IXOYE is: Ichthys. The definition of this word as taken from: Webster New International Dictionary. Ich'thys (Ik 'thys), n. an early Christian mystical symbol for Christ, being a "fish", or the Greek word for "fish", which combined the initials of the Greek words.

However, that is very wrong. The Christians say that is because the words translate into "Jesus Christ God Son Savior", however, that is not true. The actual Greek translates into, "Iesous Chrestos Theos Yios Soter", which means, (In order) "wisdom" "600" (The astrotheological sign of Aries or Picses. The astronomical star: Sothis or Sirius or the dog star. It also represents several solar dieties: Apollo, Jupiter, Isis, etc., and periods or "cycles of time", called Avatars or Neros. This was developed north of India by a mystical ancient culture, known as "the people of the cycles". Greek doesn't have numbers, it uses words for numerical connections, called "Gematria") "hidden or secret knowledge", "helious/Sun", "wisdom".

So, what we actually get from "Iesous Chrestos Theos Yios Soter", is "The secret knowledge of the Sun". In fact, this is the whole chart.

The relationship to this and ancient Egyptian religion is obvious.

Massey:

"Horus in Egypt had been a fish from time immemorial, and when the equinox entered the sign of Pisces, Horus, was portrayed as Ichthys with the fish sign of over his head."

Dujardin:

"The patriarch Joshua, (Yeshua) who was plainly an ancient god of Palestine and bore the same name as the god of Christianity, is called the son of Nun, which signifies 'son of the fish.'"

Walker:

"The fish symbol of the yonic Goddess was so revered throughout the Roman empire that Christian authorities insisted on taking it over, with extensive revision of myths to deny its earlier female-genital meanings."

Wheless:

"The fish anagram was an ancient Pagan symbol of fecundity . . ."

Churchward. Massey, MC: "It was the Gnostic art that reproduced the Hathor-Meri and Horus of Egypt as the Virgin and child-Christ of Rome . . . .You poor idiotai [idiots], said the Gnostics [to the early Christians], you have mistaken the mysteries of old for modern history, and accepted literally all that was only meant mystically."

Scholars nowadays get in a big hub-bub about Gemetria being used to get the name “nero” to mean “666”. Well, that’s nice, but you can also turn Bill Clinton, Pope John Paul II, Bill Gates, and thousands of other names into “666” using the gemetrical system. Clearly, we need to resort to the earlier ideologies to understand this portrayal, and I think I have shown sufficient cause to believe the Book of Revelation to be Egyptian in origin. The Gnostic connection clearly relates this to Sun-worship as well, thus supporting the idealism of the “666”.

Any other sources?

Of course, this might seem to be stretching the connection between the Book of Revelation and the Egyptian connection. What if there were other proof?

Sir Godfrey Higgins went throughout Europe, in all the various churches, and found that all of the oldest icons were of a black Mary and Jesus:

"[i]n all the Romish countries of Europe, in France, Italy, Germany etc., the God Christ, as well as his mother, are described in their old pictures and statues to be black. The infant God in the arms of his black mother, his eyes and drapery white, is himself perfectly black. If the reader doubt my word, he may go to the cathedral at Moulins—to the famous chapel of the Virgin at Loretto—to the church of the Annunciata—the church of St. Lazaro, or the church of St. Stephen at Genoa—to St. Francisco at Pisa—to the church at Brixen, in the Trol, and to that at Padua—to the church of St. Theodore, at Munich, in the two last of which the whiteness of the eyes and teeth, and the studied redness of the lips, are very observable;—to a church and to the cathedral at Augsburg, where are a black virgin and child as large as life: to Rome, and the Borghese chapel Maria Maggiore—to the Pantheon—to a small chapel of St. Perer's, on the right-hand side on entering, near the door; and, in fact, to almost innumerable other churches, in countries professing the Romish religion, There is scarcely an old church in Italy where some remains of the worship of the black virgin and black child are not to be met with. Very often the black figures have given way to white ones, and in these cases the black ones, as being held sacred, were put into retired places in the churches, but were not destroyed, and are yet to be found there. … When the circumstance has been named to the Romish priests, they have endeavored to disguise the fact, by pretending that the child had become black by the smoke of the candles; but it was black where the smoke of the candle never came: and, besides, how came the candles not to blacken the white of the eyes, the teeth, and the shirt, and how came they to redden the lips? … Their real blackness in not to be questioned for a moment. … A black virgin and child among the white Germans, Swiss, French and Italians!!!"

"A study of the images of ancient deities of both the Old and New Worlds reveal their Ethiopic origin. From the woolly texture of the hair, I am inclined to assign to the Buddha of India, the Fuhi of China, the Sommonacom of the Siamese,the Xaha of the Japanese, and the Quetzalcoatl of the Mexicans, the same and indeed an African, or rather Nubian origin."

Kenneth R.H. Mackenzie in T.A. Buckley's "Cities of the Ancient World", p. 180.

He probably should have added Jesus Christ to the list from the description of Jesus. The Greek historian Herodotus visited Egypt and wrote concerning the Egyptians: "They have burnt skin, flat noses, thick lips, and wooly hair" (Herodotus, Book II, p. 100) How does that relate to Jesus?

"His head and his hairs were white like wool..., and his eyes as flame of fire; And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace..." Revelations 1:14-15. Burnt skin and wooly hair, Jesus was definitely a black man.

An Arabian Muslim speaks of Horus being a black man as well:

He is the Sun and he is the man indicate that he is the man who took colour from Allah, by worshipping Him most ardently. As the sun is the mirror, so was he coloured with the attributes of God to the greatest human extent. Therefore in the whole kingdom of God there is only one Prophet that has been addressed by God Himself as the sun: "O Prophet, We have sent thee as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner and as an invitor unto Allah by His permission as a light-giving sun". (Abdul Haque, Muhammad in World Scriptures, Vol. 1, p. 395).

In Bible Myths, T.W. Doane devotes a chapter to The Worship of the Virgin Mother, where he states, "The whole secret of the fact of these early representations of the Virgin Mary and Jesus - so called-being black, crowned, and covered with jewels, is that they are of pre-Christian origin; they are Isis and Horus... baptized anew."

According to the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria, God is the "Intelligible Sun" - the "Sun behind the sun." Likewise, there is evidence to suggest that similar views were held concerning the solar divinity Mithras. As the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate points out, Mithras is not to be identified with the physical sun - and in his fifth Oration, Julian refers to Mithras as "the seven-rayed god." This same appelation is given to Jesus in Revelation, and though doubtless Christians will say the influence is reversed, Philo's testimony shows that there were earlier origins.

In the Introduction to Archbishop Lawrence's translation of it from an Ethiopic MS. in the Bodleian Library, the editor, author of the "Evolution of Christianity," remarks:

"In revising the proof-sheets of the Book of Enoch . . . . . the parable of the sheep, rescued by the good Shepherd from hireling guardians and ferocious wolves, is obviously borrowed by the fourth Evangelist from Enoch, lxxxix., in which the author depicts the shepherds as killing . . . the sheep before the advent of their Lord, and thus discloses the true meaning of that hitherto mysterious passage in the Johannine parable -- 'All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers' -- language in which we now detect an obvious reference to the allegorical shepherds of Enoch."

It is too late in the day to claim that it is Enoch who borrowed from the New Testament, instead of vice versa. Jude (14-15) quotes verbatim from Enoch a long passage about the coming of the Lord with his 10,000 saints, and naming specifically the prophet, acknowledges the source. This "parallelism between prophet and apostle, have placed beyond controversy that, in the eyes of the author of an Epistle accepted as divine revelation, the Book of Enoch was the inspired production of an antediluvian patriarch . . . " and further " . . . the cumulative coincidence of language and ideas in Enoch and the authors of N.T. Scripture, . . . clearly indicates that the work of the Semitic Milton was the inexhaustible source from which Evangelists and Apostles, or the men who wrote in their names, borrowed their conceptions of the resurrection, judgment, immortality, perdition, and of the universal reign of righteousness under the eternal dominion of the Son of Man. This Evangelical plagiarism culminates in the Revelation of John, which adapts the visions of Enoch to Christianity, with modifications in which we miss the sublime simplicity of the great Master of apocalyptic prediction, who prophesied in the name of the antediluvian Patriarch."

(Special thanks to Acharya S for the following sources, and quotes used within them.

Ancient History of the God Jesus by Edouard Dujardin
Antiquity Unveiled by JM Roberts, Esq.

Forgery in Christianity by Joseph Wheless, Esq.
Gnostic and Historic Christianity by Gerald Massey
Pagan Christs by JM Robertson

The Book Your Church Doesn't Want You to Read
The Diegesis
by Rev. Robert Taylor

The Egyptian Book of the Dead by Gerald Massey
The Historical Jesus and the Mythical Christ by Gerald Massey

The Origin and Evolution of Religion by Albert Churchward
The Woman's Dictionary of Symbols and Sacred Objects by Barbara Walker